**What Multiplies To And Adds To 3** – When students in grades 3 and up first learn to add, subtract, multiply, divide, and work with basic number expressions, they begin by performing operations on two numbers. But what happens when an expression requires multiple operations? Do you add or multiply for example? What about multiplication or division? This article explains what an order of operations is and gives you examples that you can also use with students. It also offers two lessons to help you introduce and develop the concept.

The order of operations is an example of mathematics that is highly procedural. It’s easy to get confused because it’s less of a concept that you master and more of a list of rules that you have to memorize. But don’t be fooled into thinking that procedural skills aren’t deep! It can provide challenging problems suitable for older students and suitable for class discussions:

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## What Multiplies To And Adds To 3

Over time, mathematicians have come up with a set of rules, called the order of operations, to determine which operations are performed first. If an expression contains only four basic operations, here are the rules:

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When simplifying an expression such as (12 div 4 + 5 x 3 – 6), calculate (12 div 4) first because the order of operations requires evaluating each multiplication and division first (whichever comes first) before evaluating addition or subtraction from right to right. In this case, the first calculation means (12 div 4) followed by (5 times 3). When all multiplications and divisions are completed, continue adding or subtracting (whichever comes first) from left to right. The steps are shown below.

Sometimes we want to make sure that addition or subtraction is done first. Grouping symbols, such as parentheses ((), braces ([ ]), or breaks (\), allow us to specify the order in which various operations are performed.

Order of operations requires that operations inside the grouping symbols be performed before operations outside them. For example, suppose there are parentheses around the expression 6 + 4:

Note that the expression has a completely different value! What if we put parentheses instead of (7 – 3)?

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Since (4 times 4 = 16), and when there are no more brackets, we continue to multiply before adding.

This set of brackets offers a different answer. So, when parentheses are involved, the rules for the order of operations are:

Before your students use parentheses in math, they need to be clear about the order of operations without parentheses. Begin by reviewing the addition and multiplication rules for order of operations, and then show students how parentheses affect that order.

Required Skills and Concepts: Students should be able to evaluate and discuss addition, subtraction, multiplication and division expressions.

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This would be a good time to discuss the mathematical practice of recording precision. In mathematics, it is important that we are aware when we write mathematical statements and make mathematical statements. Small combinations with mathematical operation rules or parentheses can lead to drastic changes! Imagine, for example, misjudging an expression while calculating the dose or cost of a drug.

Give the students a few more examples, showing a statement with and without brackets. Ask student volunteers to evaluate the statements and compare the values. If students arrive at different values, avoid telling them they are right or wrong. Instead, ask them to find similarities and differences in their strategies, and guide the discussion so that students can see which strategy matches the rules for the order of operations.

Required skills and concepts: Students should be familiar with the sequence of operations and feel ready to practice.

It is important that students remember the rules for ordering operations with and without parentheses. Avoid rote exercise workshops. Instead, look at math problems that arise naturally from expressions that require evaluation, such as substituting values into formulas, and have students practice the order of operations in the context of other problems.

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