Which Statement Best Describes How Globalization Connects The World – This chapter takes a closer look at how media globalization and technology globalization are integral parts of culture and cultural diffusion. As the name suggests, media globalization is the worldwide consolidation of the media (all print, digital and electronic means of communication) through the exchange of ideas between cultures. Technology globalization refers to the development of different cultures and technology exchange. Advances in technology changed the rate at which culture spread. Advances in communication technology and media also enable globalization to share ideas, information, goods and services.
Figure 1. A real-time revolution, these Twitter updates show the role social media can play in the political arena. (Photo source: Cambodia4kidsorg/flickr)
Which Statement Best Describes How Globalization Connects The World
Have you ever been to another country and were surprised to see American commercials or watched American TV series and movies abroad, did you succeed?
How Globalization Affects Developed Countries
Lyons (2005) argues that multinational corporations are the main vehicles of media globalization and that these corporations control the content and distribution of the world mass media (Compaine 2005). Looking at who controls which media, it’s true that as conglomerates grow and grow, independent news outlets are becoming less and less. In the early 2000s, the United States supplied approximately 1,500 newspapers, 2,800 book publishers, an additional 6,000 magazines, and more than 10,000 radio stations (Bagdikian 2004). By 2019, some of these numbers have changed. There were only 1,000 newspapers, but more than 7,000 magazines (note that newspapers and magazines are also counted, even if they are primarily published online) (BBC 2019). The number of book publishers and radio stations often does not change, which may come as a surprise.
On the surface, the opportunities for finding a variety of media are endless. However, this figure is misleading. Media consolidation is a process where fewer and fewer owners control most media outlets. This creates an oligopoly in which several companies monopolize the media market. In 1983, only 50 companies owned most of the mass media. In the US today (where there is no government-owned media), only five companies control 90% of the media (McChesney 1999). Comcast was the largest company by revenue in 2014, followed by Disney Corporation, Time Warner, CBS and Viacom (Time.com 2014). How will this consolidation affect the kinds of information the American public is exposed to? Media consolidation deprives the public of multiple perspectives and limits its discourse to information and opinions shared by few sources. Will it happen? Why is it important?
Monopolies are important because generally less competition means less service to consumers because opposition and divergent viewpoints are harder to find. Combining media causes the following functional disorders:
While some social scientists predict that the rise in media forms will shape the global village (McLuhan 1964), current research suggests that the public spaces that access the global village will be affluent, Caucasian, and English-speaking people (January 2009). As the riots in the Arab world in the spring of 2011 demonstrated, technology actually provides a window into the world’s news. For example, people in the United States saw real-time internet updates of events in Egypt as people tweeted, posted, and blogged in Tahrir Square.
Climate Endgame: Exploring Catastrophic Climate Change Scenarios
Cultural and ideological biases are not the only risk of media globalization. Besides the risks of cultural imperialism and the loss of local cultures, the benefits of a more interconnected planet come with other problems. One risk is that, as in China, governments have the potential to only promote information and media that they believe will help their message. Criminals can circumvent local laws against deviant and dangerous behavior such as gambling, child pornography and sex trafficking. Offshore or international websites allow US citizens (and others) to do whatever they want, illegal or illegal, from 24-hour online gambling sites that do not require proof of age to sites that sell child pornography. These examples illustrate the social risks posed by the free flow of information.
Figure 2. What information do Chinese internet cafe customers have access to? What is censored from their point of view? (Credit: Kai Hendry/flickr)
In the United States, the Internet is used not only to access illegal gambling and porn sites, but also to research stocks, crowdsource cars, and communicate with childhood friends. Can one or more of these activities be allowed and the rest restricted, and who decides what should be restricted? In a country with beliefs based on democratic principles and free market capitalism, the court system will determine the answer. However, from a global perspective, the question and the government’s answer are very different.
Other countries have taken a much more restrictive and prescriptive approach to internet regulation. China imposes strict restrictions on the dissemination of information and has long worked to curb what it calls “harmful information”, including government policy, dialogue on China-Hong Kong relations, and criticism of the government’s response to the rice field. activity.
Remote Work And The Globalization Of Services
With sites such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube blocked in China, internet users in the country are turning to local media companies for their needs. Still, the country retains strong control by detecting and prosecuting some ban violators and adopting broader strategies.
The country banned the use of certain terms such as “human rights”, required people to register with their real names, and passed new laws that made it more dangerous to criticize the government’s actions.
In early 2021, the Myanmar army launched a coup against the government. Elected leader Ang San Suu Kyi was arrested and other senior officials were either detained or removed from power. (Ms. Suu Kyi had previously been placed under house arrest for years.) Soon, the public launched widespread and persistent protests against the coup. The Myanmar military took urgent steps to quell the protests, shooting and killing dozens of protesters and raiding universities and hospitals. But first, the government banned Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and WhatsApp in an effort to reduce coordination among the protesters and block news about the repression. The government also arrested journalists, including foreigners, on suspicion of violating the Public Order Act. Social media companies responded in every way they could, including suspending the Myanmar military’s accounts and preventing them from sharing their messages.
Bradley Professor of Government and Press at the Shorenstein Center for Media, Policy and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School. Listen to Tom Patterson. He is also the Research Director of JournalistResource.org. This clip talks a little about the Journalist Source website and the impact of globalization.
Is The Globalization Of Content A Good Thing?
Visit our website journalist resources. Read about some culture-related topics in the news (click Society in the drop-down menu, then click Culture).
Technological globalization is primarily fueled by the diffusion of technology, the spread of technology across borders. Technology diffusion to peri- and semi-peripheral countries has improved rapidly over the past two decades, and the 2008 World Bank report discusses both the benefits and ongoing challenges of this expansion. Overall, the report found a link between technological progress and economic growth, and increased technological progress has helped improve conditions for many people living in extreme poverty (World Bank 2008). The report revealed that low-tech rural products like maize can benefit from new innovations, while technologies like mobile banking can help rural vending machines in the low-tech market. I am aware that this is possible. In addition, technological developments in areas such as mobile phones may bring competition, lower prices and simultaneous developments in related areas such as mobile banking and information sharing.
However, the same patterns of social inequality that created the digital divide in the United States – unequal access to technology across different races, classes and geographies – also create digital divides in other countries. As the use of technology becomes more widespread,
Significantly slower in some countries. Far fewer people in these countries have the education and skills to take advantage of, let alone access, new technologies. Access to technology tends to be concentrated in urban areas, leaving behind large populations. The prevalence of information technology has the potential to solve many global social problems, but those most affected by the digital divide are often the most vulnerable. For example, a technology to purify water could save many lives, but the villages that need water purification the most need access to the technology, money to buy it, or a solution. like.
Globalization’s Coming Golden Age
Many of Africa’s poorest countries suffer from severe infrastructure deficiencies, including poor roads, limited electricity and minimal access to education and telephones. But while landline usage hasn’t changed much over the past decade, mobile phone access has increased fivefold. More than a third of people in sub-Saharan Africa have mobile phone access (Katine 2010). Through a shared phone program created by the Grameen Foundation, more people will have access to a ‘village phone’. with access
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